Distribution Yellow poplar trees grow taller than any other U.S. hardwood species and they are members of the magnolia family. The bark, leaves, flowers, fruit and roots contain pharmaceuticals. Poplar is the state tree of Indiana, Kentucky and Tennessee.

Where it Grows
Widespread throughout Eastern U.S. Tree heights can reach 150 feet.

Main Uses
Light construction, furniture, kitchen cabinets, doors, musical instruments, siding, paneling, moldings and millwork, edge-glued panels, turnings and carvings.

(inch-pound)a at moisture content  
  Green 12%  
Specific Gravity   0.40 0.42  
Modulus of Rupture (lbf/in2)   6,000 10,100  
Modulus of Elasticityc (106 lbf/in2)   1.22 1.58  
Work to Maximum Load (in-lbf/in3)   7.5 8.8  
Impact Bending (in.)   24 26  
Compression Parallel to Grain (lbf/in2)
  2,660 5,540  
Compression Perpendicular to Grain (lbf/in2)   270 500  
Shear Parallel to Grain (lbf/in2)
  790 1,190  
Tension Perpendicular to Grain (lbf/in2)
  510 540  
Side Hardness (lbf)   440 54


Relative Abundance
11.2 percent of total U.S. hardwoods commercially available.

Did You Know?
The poplar tree is rarely attacked by parasites.

General Description
The sapwood is creamy white and may be streaked, with the heartwood varying from pale yellowish brown to olive green. The green color in the heartwood will tend to darken on exposure to light and turn brown. The wood has a medium to fine texture and is straight-grained; has a comparatively uniform texture.


Working Properties
A versatile wood that is easy to machine, plane, turn, glue and bore. It dries easily with minimal movement in performance and has little tendency to split when nailed. It takes and holds paint, enamel and stain exceptionally well.

Physical Properties
A medium density wood with low bending, shock resistance, stiffness and compression values, with a medium steam-bending classification. Excellent strength and stability.

Very widely available.


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